Two groups of animals, bats and odontocetes (toothed whales), have independently developed the ability to orient and detect prey ...
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Two groups of animals, bats and odontocetes (toothed whales), have independently developed the ability to orient and detect prey by biosonar (echolocation). This active mechanism of orientation allows these animals to operate under low light conditions. Biosonar is a conceptual overview of what is known about biosonar in bats and odontocetes. Chapters are written by bat and odontocetes experts, resulting in collaborations that not only examine data on both animals, but also compare and contrast mechanisms. This book provides a unique insight that will help improve our understanding of biosonar in both animal groups. Texte du rabat Bats and odondoctes have evolved the ability to use echolocation to find objects in their environments. And, despite there being substantial differences in their environments, there are substantial similarities, as well as any number of fascinating differences, in how members of these two groups produce, use, and process biosonar signals. Chapters are written by experts from on both animal groups, resulting in collaborations that examine not only data on bats and odontocetes, but also compare and contrast mechanism and what is known. In effect, the chapters provide a unique insight that will help push forward our understanding of biosonar in both groups.• Biosonar of bats and toothed whales: An overview Annemarie Surlykke and Paul E. Nachtigall• Sonar signals of bats and toothed whales Brock (M. B.) Fenton, Frants Havmand Jensen, Elisabeth K. V. Kalko, and Peter L. Tyack• Production of biosonar signals: Structure and form Whitlow W. L. Au and Roderick A. Suthers • Sound intensities of biosonar signals from bats and toothed whales Magnus Wahlberg and Annemarie Surlykke• Hearing during echolocation in whales and bats Paul E. Nachtigall and Gerd Schuller • Localization and classification of targets by echolocating bats and dolphins James A. Simmons, Dorian Houser, and Laura Kloepper• On-Animal methods for studying echolocation in free-ranging animals Mark Johnson• Analysis of natural scenes by echolocation in bats and dolphins Cynthia F. Moss, Chen Chiu, and Patrick W. Moore• Echolocation in Air and Water Peter Teglberg Madsen and Annemarie SurlykkeAbout the Editors: Annemarie Surlykke is Professor in the Department of Biology at University of Southern Denmark and head of the Sound and Behavior Group. Paul Nachtigall is Research Professor and Director of the Marine Mammal Research Program in the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology at the University of Hawaii. Arthur N. Popper is Professor in the Department of Biology and Co-Director of the Center for Comparative and Evolutionary Biology of Hearing at the University of Maryland, College Park. Richard R. Fay is Distinguished Research Professor of Psychology at Loyola University Chicago. About the Series: The Springer Handbook of Auditory Research presents a series of synthetic reviews of fundamental topics dealing with auditory systems. Each volume is independent and authoritative; taken as a set, this series is the definitive resource in the field. Contenu Introduction and Overview.- Sonar Signals of Bats and Toothed Whales.- Production of Biosonar Signals: Structure and Form.- Sound Intensities of Biosonar Signals From Bats and Toothed Whales.- Hearing During Echolocation in Whales and Bats.- Localization and Classification of Targets by Echolocating Bats and Dolphins.- On-Animal Methods for Studying Echolocation in Free-Ranging Animals.- Analysis of Natural Scenes by Echolocation in Bats and Dolphins.- Echolocation in Air and Water.